6. Places into the census
In the earlier years the total amount of information varies; they are able to contain a listing of roads, and explain the path taken because of the enumerator, however in rural areas the description might just read ‘The entire associated with the parish of …’. From 1891 onwards you will find separate parts for the description regarding the boundaries associated with the ED, as well as a listing of the roads or dwellings included.
7. Addresses, homes as well as other structures into the census
Exact addresses are not needed in 1841, just ‘place’. From 1851 an address that is exact required, like the home title or number, if any. However, in rural areas the information that is only nevertheless may be the title associated with town or parish. Figures within the left-hand column are itinerary figures, and really should never be recognised incorrectly as home figures.
An email ended up being made from structures that have been uninhabited, or under construction, in almost every census 12 months. In 1891 and 1901 the true amount of spaces in a dwelling had been detailed, if less than five. In 1911 the quantity of rooms is shown on all home schedules, as well as other info is into the Enumerators’ Overview Books, described in part 5, above.
From 1851 to 1901 a census entry for a fresh home is suggested by way of a new routine number. In all census years except 1851 and 1911 the final entry in a building is suggested by way of a dual oblique line //, and where there is certainly multiple home inside a building, they’ve been divided by just one line / that is oblique. In 1851 line is ruled throughout the web web page by the end of a building, or half-way over the web page between households in just a building.
Exemplory instance of a census type for vessels. That one ended up being useful for the 1861 census to record the team for the HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).
8. Vessels and organizations within the census
Special enumeration publications had been finished for organizations such as for example workhouses, barracks and hospitals in almost every census 12 months from 1851, including 1911. Unique schedules for vessels had been introduced in 1851, although none are recognized to endure from that 12 months, therefore in training 1861 had been the year that is first add returns through the Royal Navy and vendor delivery, at ocean as well as in ports in the home and abroad. As a result of problems of gathering enumeration publications from vessels in remote ports, shipping comes back will tend to be incomplete.
In 1861 all returns through the Royal Navy and from vendor vessels are in the end associated with the show, but from then on vessels in house ports are detailed by the end associated with districts where these people were moored, and only those who work in international waters are grouped together by the end regarding the show.
There are not any records that are surviving Royal Navy vessels in international waters in 1891.
In 1901 Royal Navy vessels in international waters are listed alphabetically, and there are not any returns for vessels between HMS Amphion and HMS tall Flyer. But, a copy that is duplicate of enumeration of HMS Cygnet in 1901 ended up being provided for the typical enroll workplace because of the Admiralty and it is contained in RG 19/20.
The completed census kind recording the crew associated with HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).
1911 had been the census that is first the British Army overseas had been enumerated; formerly there is merely a headcount.
9. Typical census terms and abbreviations
In addition to your terms and abbreviations described below, part 5 and area 7 for this guide describe other conventions utilized in the censuses.
Relationships (from 1851)
In practice, the pinnacle for the home ended up being usually the earliest male, however fundamentally. Everybody else, whether spouse, son, anyone or servant else, needs been described pertaining to this individual, but it was not necessarily accompanied accurately. In three-generation families children that are young be shown as ‘son’ or ‘daur’ (child) if they are actually the grandchildren regarding the mind. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, along with the wife or husband for the head’s children that are own. A boarder more tips here is an individual who resides in the home it is maybe perhaps perhaps not a member of family or servant, while a lodger only rents space or spaces, however these terms in many cases are utilized interchangeably.
Condition (as to marriage)
Mar or M – married
Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for solitary from 1891)
Wid or W – widowed
‘Divorced’ wasn’t a category that is official and will not feature into the analytical tables, but does appear periodically in this line in later census years.
Rank, career or occupation
There had been certain instructions on recording additional details for many vocations; notably the occupations, the military, general public servants and anyone tangled up in agriculture or production. Often the clerks when you look at the Census Office altered or expanded these definitions to designate them to at least one associated with groups when you look at the Registrar General’s category of professions for that census 12 months.
They are probably the most typical terms and abbreviations based in the ‘Rank occupation or career’ column:
Ag lab – agricultural labourer
Annuitant – living on earnings from opportunities
Ap or App – apprentice
FS, MS – found in the 1841 census for ‘female servant’ and servant that is‘male’
FWK – also in 1841, for ‘framework knitter’ a typical career in the East Midlands
Gentleman – Usually denotes somebody residing for a income from opportunities, or resigned from company, but doesn’t have definition that is official
Ind or Independent – ‘Of independent means’
J – journeyman; a person who had completed an apprenticeship but had not been a master with a continuing business and apprentices of one’s own
Pensioner – often means an army pensioner; other styles of pensioner are often defined as such, including Greenwich Pensioner (naval pensioner), authorities pensioner an such like. Senior years retirement benefits had been introduced in 1908, therefore the term ‘old age pensioner’ seems the very first time in 1911
10. Why can’t we find my ancestor within the census?
there are lots of reasons that explain why you may perhaps perhaps not find someone when you look at the census. Browse our post ‘Missing through the census?’ or view our webinar, also called ‘Missing through the census?’, to learn just just how information could be missed or changed, in addition to to master strategies for more searching that is successful.
There are a few pages lacking from all censuses, but 1861 has suffered many.
Lacking from 1861 census
You may use The nationwide Archives catalogue to learn which parishes or districts are recognized to be lacking through the 1861 census. Utilize the keyword ‘missing’ to search within series RG 9 within our catalogue. You can even determine pages that are regarded as lacking within some enumeration districts using the precise expression ‘missing pages’ within RG 9.
Lacking from 1841 census: Wrexham
The 1841 census returns when it comes to entire enrollment region of Wrexham, Denbighshire, had been considered to be lacking. Nevertheless, the enumeration that is original when it comes to city of Wrexham had been found in a bookshop, and are usually now deposited into the Denbighshire Archives. a transcript that is indexed been posted by the Clwyd genealogy and family history Society, and a duplicate can be acquired during the National Archives.
Lacking off their censuses
As with all the 1861 census, you need to use our catalogue to find the record show for almost any other census year to discover more regarding entire parishes or districts which are considered to be lacking, but when compared with 1861 there is certainly less information about odd lacking pages. Usage section 11 to ascertain which National Archives record series to search within and search utilising the term ‘missing’.
For lots more help with simple tips to search our catalogue, study Discovery search assistance.